#### Fun by the Numbers

athematics is awesome.

Seriously. While you might not prefer the field of digits, theory, and logic, it's thanks to millennia of development through countless cultures and individuals that our entire modern world exists as it does today.

As a mathematician I'm prone to bias here. But that doesn't make what I said entirely untrue.

Take, for example, Magic. It's a game driven by numbers, order, logic, and processes. Statistics and probability are game-defining pieces of what make it awesome. Every deck you build and every game you play are influenced by the mathematics underneath. While I can't explain or even completely define them, my appreciation for the subtle balances built into twenty years of refinement only grows.

Boring!

Sleep | Art by Chris Rahn

I know. Waxing philosophic about things I don't have to be concerned with maintaining isn't particularly interesting. But it does lay the groundwork for what we're doing today: basic statistics. Now, before you hit the back button in your browser hear me out. For two weeks I asked for Krenko, Mob Boss Commander decks to be submitted. I carefully reviewed each submission. Out of the generosity of my heart I reformatted decklists that weren't in the requested format. (You're welcome!) Finally, I set about some fun that's a very different flavor from what you're used to.

Today, I'm going to show you a very different way to build decks. It isn't easy or fast, but that's part of the process of discovery it creates. Everything I discovered was driven by readers like you.

CREATE TABLE KrenkoDecks

Let's start with a handy link. This spreadsheet contains all of the data from all of the decks that each of you submitted. For reference:

• "Decks" is the breakdown of every submission sent in, as well as a reference lookup for information about each card from other tabs.
• "Data" is a group of summaries, including some basic statistical calculations around lands, creatures, and spells.
• "Type Map" is a reference where I classified every card with its type line as well as a grouping based on how I look at the card. (More on this later.)
• "DS Data" is a reference for the type line for every card.
• "Deck Pivot" is where all of the data from every deck can be manipulated to share information about the cards, namely the count of individual cards and their associated characteristics, across every deck.

That should help clarify what you're looking at, should you choose to dive in. However, I'm going to do a lot of that for us, starting with some surprising info:

• 72 unique deck submissions that resulted in 5,054 lines of card data.
• 861 unique Magic cards were included in aggregate, but...
• 5 of the cards provided were illegal choices (with Krenko as the commander)!
• The average (and median) number of basic lands was 30, with 32 creatures, 31 spells, and nonbasic lands at 6.
• This results in an average (and median) deck of 99 cards. Adding in Krenko tips the scale to exactly 100, meaning I didn't mess anything up when I rolled all the decks together.

The name or username submitted with the deck is included, so you can go look at each deck individually, if you want. What I will be covering today is what one deck looks like based on everyone's rolled together. So let's do that by answering some questions.

"What is the deck of strictly the most-often-included cards?"

Krenko, Popular Boss
Commander – Krenko, Mob Boss

 Main Deck 100 cards Commander 1  Cavern of Souls1  Forgotten Cave1  Goblin Burrows30  Mountain1  Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle34 lands1  Arms Dealer1  Beetleback Chief1  Bloodmark Mentor1  Chancellor of the Forge1  Gempalm Incinerator1  Goblin Assassin1  Goblin Bushwhacker1  Goblin Chieftain1  Goblin Chirurgeon1  Goblin General1  Goblin King1  Goblin Lackey1  Goblin Lookout1  Goblin Marshal1  Goblin Matron1  Goblin Piledriver1  Goblin Recruiter1  Goblin Ringleader1  Goblin Sharpshooter1  Goblin Warchief1  Goblin Wardriver1  Goblin Wizard1  Horde of Boggarts1  Ib Halfheart, Goblin Tactician1  Kiki-Jiki, Mirror Breaker1  Krenko, Mob Boss1  Lightning Crafter1  Mogg War Marshal1  Moggcatcher1  Reckless One1  Siege-Gang Commander1  Skirk Fire Marshal1  Skirk Prospector1  Spikeshot Elder1  Squee, Goblin Nabob1  Tuktuk the Explorer1  Voracious Dragon1  Warbreak Trumpeter1  Warren Instigator39 creatures 1  Boggart Shenanigans1  Brightstone Ritual1  Burn at the Stake1  Caged Sun1  Coat of Arms1  Comet Storm1  Dragon Fodder1  Eldrazi Monument1  Empty the Warrens1  Fervor1  Gamble1  Gauntlet of Power1  Goblin Bombardment1  Goblin Offensive1  Goblin War Strike1  Goblin Warrens1  Krenko's Command1  Lightning Greaves1  Mana Echoes1  Quest for the Goblin Lord1  Shared Animosity1  Skullclamp1  Sol Ring1  Swiftfoot Boots1  Thousand-Year Elixir1  Warstorm Surge26 other spells1  Koth of the Hammer1 planeswalker

This is the purest deck if we counted each appearance of a card in a deck as a vote. It isn't a bad deck, and speaks to the theme most of you ran with: Goblin tribal.

While the list of the most popular cards is interesting, it isn't the "average" deck we found above. There at 38 creature cards, 4 nonbasic lands, and 27 spells. Our numbers are a little off, so let's look again.

Krenko, Popular Average Boss
Commander – Krenko, Mob Boss

 Main Deck 100 cards Commander 1  Cavern of Souls1  Forgotten Cave1  Goblin Burrows30  Mountain1  Spinerock Knoll1  Temple of the False God1  Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle36 lands1  Arms Dealer1  Beetleback Chief1  Bloodmark Mentor1  Chancellor of the Forge1  Gempalm Incinerator1  Goblin Bushwhacker1  Goblin Chieftain1  Goblin Chirurgeon1  Goblin King1  Goblin Lackey1  Goblin Lookout1  Goblin Marshal1  Goblin Matron1  Goblin Piledriver1  Goblin Recruiter1  Goblin Ringleader1  Goblin Sharpshooter1  Goblin Warchief1  Goblin Wardriver1  Ib Halfheart, Goblin Tactician1  Kiki-Jiki, Mirror Breaker1  Krenko, Mob Boss1  Lightning Crafter1  Mogg War Marshal1  Moggcatcher1  Reckless One1  Siege-Gang Commander1  Skirk Fire Marshal1  Skirk Prospector1  Squee, Goblin Nabob1  Voracious Dragon1  Warbreak Trumpeter1  Warren Instigator33 creatures 1  Blood Moon1  Boggart Shenanigans1  Brightstone Ritual1  Burn at the Stake1  Caged Sun1  Coat of Arms1  Comet Storm1  Dragon Fodder1  Eldrazi Monument1  Empty the Warrens1  Fervor1  Gamble1  Gauntlet of Power1  Goblin Assault1  Goblin Bombardment1  Goblin Offensive1  Goblin War Strike1  Goblin Warrens1  Insurrection1  Krenko's Command1  Lightning Greaves1  Mana Echoes1  Quest for the Goblin Lord1  Shared Animosity1  Skullclamp1  Sol Ring1  Swiftfoot Boots1  Thousand-Year Elixir1  Warstorm Surge1  Wheel of Fortune30 other spells1  Koth of the Hammer1 planeswalker

What's changed? Not too much, but now it's reflecting the addition of some very strong cards:

We lose out on tricky cards like Tuktuk the Explorer and Spikeshot Elder, but that's the case with many other cards that just didn't make the cut. If you wanted the average deck, this is the best place to start.

SELECT * FROM KrenkoDecks

The two decks above are, effectively, decks by popular votes: The most representative cards based on which were submitted more often. But there's always the next step. One thing that I've been working on is adding "classes" to all of the cards in my Commander Box.

A card's class isn't based on its type line or other characteristics. Classes are descriptive shorthand, telling me things about the card without having to know it's full text box. By adding these classes to every card I enter into the spreadsheet I can search for specific effects I want.

To give an example, Evolving Wilds is a great card for Commander. Searching up a basic land of your choice helps us cast spells. This type of effect is what I shorthand as the "Fetch" class. If you take the relevant text "search your library for a land" and search Gatherer you can find many similar cards. Within my spreadsheet I can find all of them by just filtering the column for Fetch.

I'm not reinventing the wheel, and what I call cards might vary from how you'd choose to. The point is that I create a very quick way to find the types of things I want. Building a Commander deck is daunting, but using a class system makes it much faster for me. And since I've added the classes for every card, we can create some much more peculiar decks. (ProTip: Adding classes to more than 800 unique cards is tedious. Bring caffeine if you plan to try it.)

So what kind of deck would I want? I'm a fan of tokens, recursion, and Glorious Anthem-type effects. The classes Tokens, Recursion, and Anthem can give us exactly that. I also want to ensure I have plenty of mana, so adding in the aptly named Card Draw and Fetch classes, as well as several nonbasic lands, should round out a typical deck.

Krenko's Command | Art by Karl Kopinski

Krenko, Bossed by Stybs
Commander – Krenko, Mob Boss

 Main Deck 100 cards Commander 1  Blasted Landscape1  Buried Ruin1  Forgotten Cave1  Ghitu Encampment1  Ghost Quarter1  Hellion Crucible1  Kher Keep1  Mutavault1  Scrying Sheets1  Smoldering Crater30  Snow-Covered Mountain40 lands1  Adaptive Automaton1  Anger1  Beetleback Chief1  Bloodmark Mentor1  Caterwauling Boggart1  Chancellor of the Forge1  Goblin Chieftain1  Goblin King1  Goblin Marshal1  Goblin Ringleader1  Goblin Warchief1  Goblin Welder1  Hellrider1  Krenko, Mob Boss1  Mogg War Marshal1  Rummaging Goblin1  Sensation Gorger1  Siege-Gang Commander1  Skirk Drill Sergeant1  Solemn Simulacrum1  Squee, Goblin Nabob1  Tuktuk the Explorer1  Urabrask the Hidden1  Warbreak Trumpeter24 creatures 1  Akroma's Memorial1  Caged Sun1  Coat of Arms1  Door of Destinies1  Dragon Fodder1  Eldrazi Monument1  Elixir of Immortality1  Empty the Warrens1  Faithless Looting1  Fervor1  Gauntlet of Might1  Gauntlet of Power1  Goblin Assault1  Goblin Caves1  Goblin Offensive1  Goblin Scouts1  Goblin Shrine1  Goblin Warrens1  Krenko's Command1  Mind Stone1  Mind's Eye1  Mogg Alarm1  Phyrexian Altar1  Quest for the Goblin Lord1  Red Sun's Zenith1  Reiterate1  Relic of Progenitus1  Sensei's Divining Top1  Shattering Pulse1  Skullclamp1  Slate of Ancestry1  Sword of the Paruns1  Thornbite Staff1  Wheel of Fate1  Wheel of Fortune1  Wild Guess36 other spells

This is quite a different blush from before! Our creature count is way down and our nonbasic land count is all the way up to 10. What gives? It's a result of our selection:

• Tokens and Card Draw tend to come in noncreature varieties. Things like Goblin Offensive and Mind's Eye are typical. This deck took a step away from what can be called Tribal—the slew of Goblins that are Goblins for Goblin's sake.
• While I added some extra nonbasic lands, some also appeared in our selection. Ghost Quarter does, technically, fetch a land if desired. Kher Keep does produce tokens, albeit not the Goblin variety. And since Scrying Sheet was picked up I changed out basic lands over to the Snow-Covered variety.

Our selection is, ultimately, pretty narrow. There are many other classes of cards that can be considered: Removal (things that kill things), Equipment (all things Equipment), Burn (for face-melting good times), and Dragon (because, hey, Dragons) are all great things to have in Commander.

The point of this deck is to show you what happens when you turn the blinders on completely. You can gather as many decks as you want, and classify every card you see, but it still takes a wider view of the cards you're selecting to make a deck happen. What classes can do is make that process faster by highlighting which cards appear most often. It also calls out cards that can fill a variety of roles. For example, Wurmcoil Engine and Umezawa's Jitte are popular cards in Commander and elsewhere since they each fulfill multiple roles:

• You get Tokens and Gain Life from Wurmcoil Engine, while packing Deathtouch to make combat a concern for blockers.
• Umezawa's Jitte can Gain Life, Pump creatures, and serve as Removal, all assuming you get a few hits in with it equipped.

When you start looking at cards in terms of what they can do for you, you can quickly find the cards that do what you want. And if you find an effect you want more of, don't forget to use it as a text search in Gatherer, as mentioned above: you don't need to create your own spreadsheet to find the cards of your dreams!

And while I said I'd be pulling all aggregated deck data, I have one more point: all the collating and sorting in the world won't find the interesting decks that lay hidden. Consider this submission from CMDR Decks, a YouTube video series dedicated to Commander decks:

CMDR Decks Krenko
Commander – Krenko, Mob Boss

 Main Deck 100 cards Commander 1  Ancient Tomb1  Boseiju, Who Shelters All1  Buried Ruin1  Maze of Ith1  Mikokoro, Center of the Sea34  Mountain1  Mystifying Maze1  Reliquary Tower1  Temple of the False God42 lands1  Aether Membrane1  Battle Rampart1  Crenellated Wall1  Flowstone Wall1  Krenko, Mob Boss1  Living Wall1  One-Eyed Scarecrow1  Reinforced Bulwark1  Skirk Prospector1  Steel Wall1  Thermopod1  Wall of Dust1  Wall of Earth1  Wall of Lava1  Wall of Razors1  Wall of Stone16 creatures 1  Altar of Dementia1  Ashnod's Altar1  Caged Sun1  Credit Voucher1  Darksteel Forge1  Darksteel Ingot1  Dreamstone Hedron1  Elixir of Immortality1  Feldon's Cane1  Font of Mythos1  Gamble1  Gauntlet of Might1  Gauntlet of Power1  Grim Monolith1  Howling Mine1  Keening Stone1  Lightning Greaves1  Mana Crypt1  Mana Vault1  Memory Jar1  Mind's Eye1  Molten Psyche1  Phyrexian Altar1  Phyrexian Furnace1  Planar Portal1  Reforge the Soul1  Relic of Progenitus1  Sands of Delirium1  Scrabbling Claws1  Sensei's Divining Top1  Shattered Perception1  Sol Ring1  Swiftfoot Boots1  Temple Bell1  Thornbite Staff1  Tormod's Crypt1  Umbral Mantle1  Wheel of Fate1  Wheel of Fortune1  Whetstone1  Whetwheel1  Winds of Change42 other spells

When I saw this I was floored. What is he doing? Fortunately, the email explained it all:

The basic idea is to stall and draw/manipulate your library until you draw your combo pieces to win. Krenko, Mob Boss with Thornbite Staff and Altar of Dementia allow you to make a Goblin, sacrifice it to mill (put the top card of a library into the graveyard) someone for one, untap Krenko, then rinse and repeat. You are also able to make infinite mana with most of the other sacrifice outlets. This allows you to mill people with cards like Sands of Delirium. You can also get infinite mana with Umbral Mantle equipped to Krenko, and have three or four Goblins with something like Skirk Prospector.

So there you have it, Mono-Red Krenko Mill.

I didn't even have a class for the Walls that came with this submission, and I would never had thought to try something like this. Blue is usually the domain of milling players, but it's in red that ways in Commander exist to pull it off quickly.

Ultimately, compiling decks and classifying cards are just tools to use. There's no replacement for exploring and trying out new things. But if you find there's too much to figure out, I hope the idea of pulling together decks you like is something you'll try yourself.

### ORDER BY SubmittorCount

This week was a huge effort on my part. While the actual decks were easy to pull out, organizing and manipulating the data up front was time consuming. I don't know how heroes like Gavin Verhey do it every week, but just the process of going through each and every deck submitted took a toll on me.

Not that I didn't enjoy doing it! All of this is very similar to things I do elsewhere in the world, and once the ball was rolling there was no stopping it. What I want to know is if this type of analysis is something you enjoy.

Did you enjoy the Krenko Commander deck analysis today?
 Yes! Please do it again sometime!Yes, but please wait a long time to do it again.I didn't really mind one way or another.No, but if you did it again I wouldn't mind.No! Please don't do this again!

I'm always looking for different ways to not only get feedback and ideas from all of you, but to also incorporate and include as many of you as possible into articles. Compiling all of your decks elegantly fulfills both desires. I hope you feel the same way, too.

Join us next week when we standardize other things. See you then!